Original article | SilvaWorld 2022, Vol. 1(1) 16-22
Amer Mirzazadeh, Hassan Pourbabaei, Mehrdad Ghodskhah Daryaei & Amir Eslam Bonyad
pp. 16 - 22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/silva.2022.462.02 | Manu. Number: MANU-2208-08-0006.R2
Published online: September 14, 2022 | Number of Views: 160 | Number of Download: 323
Measuring tree species diversity is necessary to manage forest resources sustainably and to better understand the economic consequences to changes in species diversity due to management. This research aimed at comparing the basal area and trees abundance for evaluating tree species diversity in oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) forests (Guilan, Masal, Northern Iran). For this study, compartment 515 was selected, and then data were collected through the random-systematic method with a grid dimension of 150×150 m in an area of 50 ha, and lozenge shape with the sizes of 400; 800; 1,000; 1,200; 1,600; 2,000; 2,500; and 5,000 m2 was established. In total, 160 sampling plots were taken. In each plot, the diameter at breast height (DBH≥7.5 cm) of all trees was measured. Diversity and evenness indices were estimated applying different variables (the basal area and the trees abundance) separately. The results elucidated that the error percentage of Mac Arthur’s N1, Hill’s N2 indices, and Simpson's evenness, was lower using basal area compare to the trees abundance. The result of Camargo, Nee, and Smith-Wilson evenness indices revealed that the error percentage by using the trees abundance was lower than the amount of basal area. We recommend using the basal area for estimating tree species diversity.
Keywords: Diversity indices, Error percentage, Evenness indices, Masal
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